Dust Collection and Valves Blog

How To Determine the Cost of a Cyclone - Part 6 | Aerodyne

Posted by Tom Hobson on Apr 30, 2020 9:15:00 AM

Part 6: Scope of Supply

Cyclones do not stand alone in most applications.  They require additional equipment for them to work.  Depending on your application, equipment can include an airlock, exhaust fan, explosion protection, instrumentation, insulation, vibrator, and even ductwork.  The cyclone can be purchased as a system with all the equipment required to operate or it can be purchased by itself and integrated into an existing system.  The system is then put together by the end user or a 3rd party.  Many times, the sum of the accessory equipment is greater than the cost of the cyclone.  A brief description of the potential accessories and how they affect the cyclone is below.

  1. Airlock

    An airlock is essential for the proper operation of a cyclone.  It isolates the cyclone from the outside atmosphere.  Without it, material will fly out the bottom or get re-entrained in the system.  Airlocks could be a simple extended hopper (55 gallon drum), rotary valve, or specialized valves like the double dump valve or trickle valve.  Special designed valves are available for quick cleaning applications and explosive applications.
  2. Explosion Protection

    Explosion Protection is a very important consideration for dust collectors as about 70% of dusts are explosive. The equipment that protects against explosions can add significant cost the cyclone.  Explosion protection equipment such as explosion vents, isolation valves, chemical suppression, and isolation systems can all quickly increase the price of a cyclone.  This equipment is required for explosive applications. 
  3. Exhaust fans 

    Exhaust fans are required on every dust collection system. They provide the motive force required to pull air through the system.  When selecting the fan, be sure to take into account all ductwork and equipment.    It is best to install the fan downstream of all dust collectors so that the most efficient impeller designs can be used.  This will save money on operational costs.  However, if the fan needs to be installed in high dust areas, there are impellers designed for these operations.
  4. Instrumentation 

    Instrumentation for cyclones are rather simple compared to other dust collectors. The main instrumentation used on cyclones are differential pressure gages/transmitters and level switches for the hoppers.  Explosive applications can have special instrumentation and some applications will monitor temperature and humidity for equipment downstream of the cyclone.  But for most standard cyclone applications, differential pressure is the only recommended measurement.
  5. Insulation, Heat Tracing, Steam Jacketing
    Insulation, heat tracing, steam jacketing are required for special applications. These can add significant expense to the cyclone.  Insulation and heat tracing can be done at the fabricator but usually are done onsite to prevent damage in shipping and installation.  Steam jacketing must be done in the design and fabrication phase and can add significant cost to the cyclone.
  6. Vibrators or Air Jets
    Vibrators or air jets are used for applications where material bridges in the hopper. Vibrators can usually be installed after installation and will help keep the hopper from bridging up.  Air jets blast air into the hopper, breaking up any bridging and letting material flow out of the airlock.  It is best to have the connections for these to be included in the cyclone design and installed once on site.

In summation, cyclone design and costs are based on the size and construction required in your specific application.  Special applications can require costly equipment and design changes that will increase the cyclone cost significantly.  When selecting a cyclone for your application, be sure to include all the factors in to your cost estimate so you are can accurately determine your budget.



To learn more about which dust collector, please contact our experts at 440-543-7400 or visit our website: www.dustcollectorhq.com.



To improve efficiency and safety, there is no substitute for an on-site inspection by an experienced expert. Click below to start with a free 20-minute phone consultation by clicking the button.

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Topics: dust collector, NFPA 652, horizontal cyclone, GPC Cyclone, splitScream Cyclone, arirflow

How To Determine the Cost of a Cyclone - Part 4 | Aerodyne

Posted by Tom Hobson on Mar 27, 2020 10:14:34 PM

Part 4: Application Requirements

Cyclones also need to be constructed so that they meet the specifications and requirements of the applications they are going in.  Some applications, like woodworking or where the material being collected is waste, don’t need any special constructions.  Applications such as food and pharmaceuticals can be very specific.  Every application, customer, process, and facility has their own set of requirements.  These could include a special quick clean access or a higher weld spec to prevent accumulation in the vessel.

  1. Quick Clean

    Quick Clean design allows for the cyclone to be easily accessed for cleaning. It is often used in food and pharmaceutical applications.  These applications usually have a strict cleaning protocol and/or require cleaning between batches.  The design changes required for quick clean design can often significantly increase the price of a cyclone.  Often times it will require redesign of the standard cyclone to allow access and minimize material buildup.  Horizontal cyclones are often best for these situations.
  2. Special Welds

    Special welds are required in most food applications. The welds are often areas where material can build up and contaminate the material being collected in the cyclone.  To prevent this, the welds are often required to be ground down.  This is a time consuming process and is done individually with power tools.  Depending on the specification, special welds can often significantly increase the price of the cyclone, even as much as doubling the cost.  Often times, the welds will require specific welders in a shop to work on the unit, thereby increasing the lead time and cost.  When you are specifying special welds, it’s often a good idea to have a sample or a picture of the weld you are looking for so the fabricator and end user are on the same page.  See the drawing below for an example of a sample.
  3. Special Finishing

    Special finishing of the materials of construction is another requirement in many stainless steel applications. Some food and pharmaceutical applications require the metal to be finished or polished to a certain specification.  Usually, the internal finishing is the most critical due to it being in contact with product, but often times the facility has a specification on the external too.  This is often for cleaning and uniformity in the facility.  Special finishing of the metals can often significantly increase the price of the cyclone.  Often times, with the higher finishes allowance has to be made in the pricing for discarding material that doesn’t meet to specification after it has been worked on.

How Do Horizontal Dust Collectors Work?



To learn more about which dust collector, please contact our experts at 440-543-7400 or visit our website: www.dustcollectorhq.com.



To improve efficiency and safety, there is no substitute for an on-site inspection by an experienced expert. Click below to start with a free 20-minute phone consultation by clicking the button.

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Topics: dust collector, NFPA 652, horizontal cyclone, GPC Cyclone, splitScream Cyclone, arirflow

Clean on Demand Controller | Aerodyne

Posted by Tom Hobson on Oct 28, 2019 10:22:11 AM

Simple Timers

For many years, pulse-jet baghouses were cleaned by simple timers.  The timers would start the cleaning cycle every so many minutes.  You would be able to change how often your filters are cleaned by changing the time between each cleaning.  This design makes sure that the filters are cleaned regularly, whether they need to be cleaned or not.  The main issue with this is that every time a filter is cleaned, it increases the chances of it failing.  Filters are cleaned by pulsing high pressure air into the filter.  This expands the filter, which causes the top layers of dust to fall off.  But that expansion can also cause holes or rips in the filters.

Pulse-On-Demand Controller

So it would be beneficial to minimize the cleaning of the filters to only when it’s needed.  The pulse-on-demand controller does just this.  It measures the pressure drop across the filters.  When the pressure drop gets over a certain amount, it will begin the cleaning process.  Many of these controllers also have “bag break” technology, which will tell you when one of the filters has a hole.  You will then be able to replace the filters only when they are needed.  Some controllers can even isolate the row where the broken bag is located, so you won’t have to replace all the filters.

Installing a Clean-on-Demand controller, “bag break” technology, and cyclone pre-filters (Check out other Aerodyne blogs for more info) can help you decrease the maintenance on your filters, extend filter life, and lower operating costs (less air usage).

 


To learn more about which dust collector, please contact our experts at 440-543-7400 or visit our website: www.dustcollectorhq.com.


To improve efficiency and safety, there is no substitute for an on-site inspection by an experienced expert. Click below to start with a free 20-minute phone consultation by clicking the button.

Free Consultation

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Topics: dust collector, airlocks, pre-filter, arirflow, pulse-on-demand controller

Horizontal Cyclones: Solutions for Space Limitation | Aerodyne

Posted by Tom Hobson on Sep 30, 2019 10:30:30 AM

If you are like many plant engineers who are working within the confines of a limited work space, rest assured that you don’t need to compromise on the efficiency of your industrial dust collection system. A traditional, high-efficiency cyclone is not the best solution for facilities with low ceilings.

Space Limitation

If space limitations prevent you from properly orienting this type of cyclone in an upright position, this will result in a loss of efficiency due to particulate settling on the side of the collector and being carried out with the exhaust gas. Attempting to solve this problem by installing your vertically oriented dust collection cyclone outdoors may encourage condensation that can shorten service life and reduce efficiency.

Horizontal Cyclones

Today, more plant engineers are choosing a horizontal configuration for reliable, high-efficiency dust collection. These options include the Aerodyne GPC Cyclone and counter-cyclonic dust collectors, such as the Aerodyne SplitStream™ Dust Collector.  The SplitStream™ Dust Collector uses a secondary air stream that directs material toward the collection hopper, and may be installed horizontally with virtually no loss of efficiency.

Because this design does not rely on gravity to bring the dust to the hopper like conventional cyclones, its operational efficiency is not affected by horizontal installation. In addition, this type of dust collection system may be suspended from a ceiling, conserving valuable space on the manufacturing floor.

The SplitStream™ Dust Collector the ability to increase/decrease process temperature while collecting dust. The unique counter cyclonic design element of the SplitStream™ Dust Collector ensures that a minimal amount of particulate comes in contact with the interior walls. This eliminates excessive wear and enables abrasive particulate collection.

 


How Do Horizontal Dust Collectors Work?



To learn more about which dust collector, please contact our experts at 440-543-7400 or visit our website: www.dustcollectorhq.com.



To improve efficiency and safety, there is no substitute for an on-site inspection by an experienced expert. Click below to start with a free 20-minute phone consultation by clicking the button.

Free Consultation

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Topics: dust collector, NFPA 652, horizontal cyclone, GPC Cyclone, splitScream Cyclone, arirflow

Level Switches in Dust Collector Hoppers | Aerodyne

Posted by Tom Hobson on Aug 30, 2019 8:23:41 AM

As maintenance staffs become smaller and have less time to do preventative maintenance, technology needs to step in and help. 

Level Switches

That is where level switches in dust collector hoppers fit in.  An airlock works by allowing dust from the dust collector to leave the vessel while preventing air from leaking in or out of the system.  Some airlocks operate by emptying the hopper as soon as dust falls and some require a buildup above them to help seal the valve and provide motive force. 

The main thing is, that dust often times will not constantly be falling through the valve.  This means that walking next to a vessel won’t always tell you if the airlock is operating correctly. 

Installing a level switch in the hopper will help.  The level switch measures the amount of material in the hopper and if too much is in the hopper it will provide a signal (alarm).  This will tell maintenance that the airlock is not operating correctly and it needs to be investigated.  Depending on the system’s controls, the alarm can be a local alarm (light and/or horn) or feed into the central computer.


Dust collection systems can range from being fairly simple to extremely complex. 

It’s important to know that you have the proper system for your application. Some questions always come up when looking at dust collection systems.

To make life easier, we have put together some common questions we get asked along with answers and explanations. Have a look.

Volume 1: Get FAQ Now 

Volume 2: Get FAQ Now

 


To learn more about which dust collector, please contact our experts at 440-543-7400 or visit our website: www.dustcollectorhq.com.


To improve efficiency and safety, there is no substitute for an on-site inspection by an experienced expert. Click below to start with a free 20-minute phone consultation by clicking the button.

Free Consultation

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Topics: dust collector, airlocks, explosive dust, maintenance cost, arirflow, lead switch

Heavy Dust Loading Leads to High Maintenance in Dust Collector | Aerodyne

Posted by Tom Hobson on Aug 23, 2019 3:31:39 PM

Heavy dust loading in the dust collector leads to high maintenance dust collectors.  Since most dust collectors are fabric filters (baghouse, cartridge collectors, shakers, etc.), heavy dust loading will cause/require high frequency of cleaning of the filters.  Most filters are cleaned by injecting high pressure air into the clean side, causing the filters to expand a bit.  This causes dust to fall off the filters.  Filters wear out due to the frequent expanding and contracting.  So the more often you have to clean a filter, the faster the filters will wear out.

Pleated Filters

This is made even worse if the filters are pleated.  Pleated filters have valleys and ridges which increase the surface area available for air to diffuse through the filter.  However, high dust loading can cause the pleated filter valleys to fill up and not properly clean during a cleaning cycle.  This will severely restrict the surface area available for airflow, which will lead to higher velocities through the filters.  A higher velocity increases the chances of dust getting through the filters.  This can cause holes to develop in the filter.  It can also cause dust to plug a pathway through the filter, thereby further restricting airflow.  It can also cause a decrease in removal efficiency.

So if you have high dust loading in your dust collector, it might be beneficial to install a pre-filter to increase filter life and make maintenance much less of a hassle.


Pre-filtering may reduce operating and maintenance costs by extending bag or filter life and improving removal efficiencies. This video discusses five warning signs that your dust collection system needs a pre-filter.

If you prefer this valuable information in white paper form, get our whitepaper, Top 5 Reasons to Use a Cyclone as a Pre-filter.

Get Whitepaper


To learn more about which dust collector, please contact our experts at 440-543-7400 or visit our website: www.dustcollectorhq.com.



To improve efficiency and safety, there is no substitute for an on-site inspection by an experienced expert. Click below to start with a free 20-minute phone consultation by clicking the button.

Free Consultation

Read More

Topics: dust collector, combustible dust, NFPA 652, explosive dust, heavy dust loading, maintenance cost, arirflow

Aerodyne Environmental: Home of the Horizontal Cyclone and  Vacu-Valve® Airlock Valve

Inspired To Be Different.

At Aerodyne, we choose to take a different approach to collecting dust and handling materials. Our cyclones are unique in design to address common issues such as problematic dusts and space constraints. Our airlocks are chosen to fit your specific application instead of hastily installing traditional equipment options. We believe that when we see things differently, we can solve problems effectively. That's why so many people turn to us for help in solving their tough dust problems.

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