Dust Collection and Valves Blog

How Important are Dampers in a Dust Collection System?

Posted by Tom Hobson on Jun 28, 2017 1:19:22 PM

Dampers are used in dust collection systems to control the airflow to specific branches of the ductwork.  This is done by opening or closing the damper.  Air, like water, travels the path of least resistance.  By using a damper, you are changing the resistance to the air.  Every dust collection system should have a manual damper near each hood/pickup point to balance the system.  This makes sure that the system is properly operating.  An unbalanced system could cause too much air to be pulled from one area (causing loss of product) while in another area not enough airflow is available to capture dust.  Other times, a soft connect (space between flanges) is used to control airflow at a pickup point.  However, this isn’t very efficient.  This keeps the airflow in that area constant, but it’s picking up air from an area where it isn’t required.  A damper would work much better, since you are only moving the air in the area you need.  Soft connects are only advantageous when you are looking to cool down an airflow using outside air.  Dampers can also be used to shut off portions of the system that are not being used, thereby allowing a smaller system.


So when you are looking at your dust collector system, don’t forget dampers.  They allow you to optimize your system.

 Having dust issues in your application?   Learn how the GPC can solve them!

If you are having operational issues on your dust collection system, contact Aerodyne at 440-543-7400 or dc@dustcollectorhq.com.





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Topics: dust collector, airflow, Cyclone Pre-Filter, Sudden change in airflow, Dr. Dust, exhaust fan, Damper

Dust Collection Systems: Instrumentation 101 - Differential Pressure Gages

Posted by Tom Hobson on Mar 20, 2017 9:01:00 AM

A dust collection system is much more than just the dust collector (ex. Cyclone, baghouse, cartridge collector, wet scrubber, etc.).  It constitutes the exhaust fan, hoods, instrumentation and interconnecting ductwork.  If any of these components are improperly sized or operating, the whole system can fail in its primary objective, dust collection.

Today we are discussing the differential pressure gage.  The differential pressure gage is an often overlooked piece of equipment on dust collectors, especially cyclones.  By measuring the differential pressure across your dust collector, you are monitoring your system performance.  If the differential pressure gage suddenly changes, it is telling you something has recently changed in your system.  If you see a gradual change in the differential pressure, then it is telling you that the system is gradually changing.

A sudden change is telling you that the airflow has suddenly increased or decreased.  This could be caused by a variety of reason (plugging of filters, opening of damper, closing of damper, etc.)  When you see this happen, your removal efficiency will be affected.  So it’s better to start identifying the issue before you are forced to.

A gradual change is telling you that the ductwork or filters are starting to plug up.  This could be normal operating conditions or caused by a change in process.  When you notice a gradual change in the pressure drop, schedule a maintenance inspection before it gets too drastic.  That way you won’t be forced shut down in an emergency.

If you are having operational issues on your dust collection system, contact Aerodyne at 440-543-7400 or dc@dustcollectorhq.com.

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Topics: dust, gpc, Pressure Gages, Sudden change in airflow

Aerodyne Environmental: Home of the Horizontal Cyclone and  Vacu-Valve® Airlock Valve

Inspired To Be Different.

At Aerodyne, we choose to take a different approach to collecting dust and handling materials. Our cyclones are unique in design to address common issues such as problematic dusts and space constraints. Our airlocks are chosen to fit your specific application instead of hastily installing traditional equipment options. We believe that when we see things differently, we can solve problems effectively. That's why so many people turn to us for help in solving their tough dust problems.

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