Dust Collection and Valves Blog

Which 4 major items can cause a dust collection system to underperform?

Posted by Tom Hobson on Jun 15, 2017 9:15:00 AM

Dust collection systems consist of four major items.  All of them are important and can cause a dust collection system to underperform.  The major items are the exhaust fan, dust collector, ductwork, and hoods/pickup points.   While the exhaust fan provides the motive power to collect the dusty air, its performance is affected by each of the components.  This means that if one of the other components isn’t operating as designed, the whole system will be affected.  Ductwork is usually by far the largest component and often the most overlooked.  Depending on the size of your system, the ductwork can span hundreds of feet and have dozens of side streams.  The ductwork is like railroad tracks, it moves the dusty air from one place to another.

Often times, additional lines will be added to a dust collector system after installation.  Without proper evaluation of the system, this could negatively affect the performance of the whole system.  This means that just because the dust collector system was operating correctly before, it might not after an additional pickup point or hood is added.  What happens is that when you add additional pickup points, you change the balancing of the system.  This could change the airflow to each and every hood and pickup point in the system, so while the system was originally adequately venting an area, it might not after a change.

A few things can be done to address this, such as changing fan speed, adding dampers, modifying ductwork, etc.  The main thing you need to keep in mind is that if you slow the airflow through ductwork too much, you begin to build up dust within the line.  This will further restrict your airflow and become a fire / explosion hazard.

So when you are looking at changing your dust collector system, review the system parameters or hire someone to review so that you do not cause additional issues.

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If you are having operational issues on your dust collection system, contact Aerodyne at 440-543-7400 or dc@dustcollectorhq.com.





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Topics: dust collector, Cyclone Pre-Filter, Dr. Dust, Product Recovery, exhaust fan, Ductwork

Dust Collection Systems: Product Recovery and Cyclone Pre-filters

Posted by Tom Hobson on May 25, 2017 1:50:57 PM

If you are working with a high value material or product, then you should investigate using a cyclone ahead of your baghouse or cartridge collector.  The cyclone will allow you to recover the dust without contamination from the filters.  The filters in a baghouse or cartridge collector use a dust layer built up on the filters to collect the dust from the airstream.  During the process of filter cleaning, dust from this layer is dislodged and falls into the hopper.  Any particulate from prior batches can cause contamination of the dust.

Learn More About Using a Cyclone as a   Pre-Filter for Your Baghouse

A cyclone, on the other hand, collects the dust and deposits it in the hopper continuously.  There is very little dust buildup inside of a cyclone.  This minimizes the chances of contamination from prior batches.  Since there aren’t any filters, a cyclone can be washed or wiped out to remove the prior batch particles.

One area where this could be very helpful is pigment collection.  A baghouse or cartridge collector filter will collect the pigment and contaminate the color.  This requires the filters to be changed every time a new color is produced.  So the system will require a filter set for every different color produced.  Conversely, the cyclone can be washed out or wiped down between colors.  This saves in both maintenance time and spare parts costs.

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Topics: Cyclone Pre-Filter, Dr. Dust, Product Recovery

Aerodyne Environmental: Home of the Horizontal Cyclone and  Vacu-Valve® Airlock Valve

Inspired To Be Different.

At Aerodyne, we choose to take a different approach to collecting dust and handling materials. Our cyclones are unique in design to address common issues such as problematic dusts and space constraints. Our airlocks are chosen to fit your specific application instead of hastily installing traditional equipment options. We believe that when we see things differently, we can solve problems effectively. That's why so many people turn to us for help in solving their tough dust problems.

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