Dust Collection and Valves Blog

Why Are Airlocks Needed? | Aerodyne

Posted by Tom Hobson on Dec 16, 2020 10:00:00 AM

All dry dust collectors have a hopper which temporarily collects the dust while it is moved out of the system. The hopper usually has a flanged outlet on bottom which allows the dust to fall outside of the dust collector vessel. When you are deciding what to put under the hopper it is important to make sure that air doesn’t flow out of or into the opening while still allowing the dust to empty from the hopper. An airlock (discharge valve) is used to prevent this.

An airlock comes in a variety of designs. The most common is the rotary airlock while the simplest design is a trickle valve (Aerodyne Vacu-Valve). What these valves do is prevent the higher pressure air from going to the lower pressure air. Generally dust collectors are designed to be under vacuum. This prevents dust from escaping the vessel and helps protect the exhaust fan from being damaged by dust loading. However, some systems do have pressured dust collectors for operational reasons. Either way it is important that there be some kind of airlock under the hopper.

Dust Collector Under Pressure

A pressurized dust collector will blow air out of the hopper if no airlock is installed on the hopper. This will create a dust cloud around the dust collector. If indoors this will coat the surrounding equipment and become a nuisance to employees in the area. Plus it’s pretty unseemly having a dust collector spewing dust out in a facility.

Dust Collectors Under Vacuum

A system under vacuum, however, is much more impacted by not having an airlock. The airlock prevents outside air from entering the system. So if you don’t have an airlock the exhaust fan will begin pulling air into the system through the hopper. This does two main things. For one, it lowers the airflow at the pickup points that are collecting the dust. Air will flow the easiest path (much like water). So if you have an opening allowing air to enter through the hopper then air will take advantage of this. And since your exhaust fan doesn’t care where the air comes from it will pull much of the air through the hopper. This airflow means that there will be less air coming from the pickup points. This could cause insufficient dust pickup at those points and even dust buildup in the ductwork. The second issue is that any dust collected in the hopper could get re-entrained by the air entering through the hopper outlet and then leave the dust collector. This will decrease the system removal efficiency and could cause violations of permits, increased fan maintenance, etc.

So when you are operating a dust collection system, make sure that the dust discharge flange is installed with an airlock, that way you will have the system operating at its peak efficiency.


How Do Vacu-Valve Dust Valves Work?


To learn more about which dust collector, please contact our experts at 440-543-7400 or visit our website: www.dustcollectorhq.com.


To improve efficiency and safety, there is no substitute for an on-site inspection by an experienced expert. Click below to start with a free 20-minute phone consultation by clicking the button.

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Topics: vacu-valve, airlocks valve, GPC Cyclone, arirflow

Un-powered Valve Saves Initial Cost and Operating Costs over Rotary Airlock Valve

Posted by Tom Hobson on Dec 13, 2018 9:30:00 AM

Look under almost any dust collector and you will see a rotary airlock valve spinning its rotor and emptying the collected contents from the hopper. These valves have long been used to maintain a seal in vacuum dust collection systems while simultaneously providing an escape route for the dust. The advantages of a rotary airlock for dust collectors include, automatic hopper emptying, minimal vacuum pressure loss, and the many options available to meet specific application needs. Rotary valves can be custom fit to handle high temperatures, harsh chemical environments, and abrasive materials. Rotary valves do however, have a few major drawbacks.

Because rotary airlocks are sealed tight to the atmosphere they can be very difficult to clean. Cleaning a rotary valve often involves removing the drive assembly, end plate, and finally the rotor. This process can take hours to perform. Rotary valves are also expensive to operate. Typically, these valves are left running continuously, even when there is no dust present in the hopper. This not only wastes electricity but puts undo wear on the valve. Repair and replacement parts for rotary airlock valves can be quite costly as well. Even with these shortcomings, the rotary airlock remains the industry standard for most dust discharge applications.

One alternative which has been gaining popularity is a non-powered automatic dust discharge valve. These valves, like the Armadillo and Platypus Vacu-Valves from Aerodyne, rely on the negative pressure (max -18" W.C.) of a dust collector to hold a rubber sleeve closed to maintain an airlock. As the weight of the dust in the hopper builds up, the sleeve is forced open and dust is discharged from the valve. Leaf springs inserted into the valves sleeve also help to counterbalance the vacuum. A video demonstration of how this works is available here. The valves are available with a variety of sleeve materials for different applications. While these valves can not be used in every dust collection system they are a very economical alternative to expensive rotary valves.

The Vacu-Valves from Aerodyne are priced at a fraction of the cost of standard rotary airlock valves and require no electricity to operate. These valves have no controls and require no lubrication. They easily handle abrasive materials that would jam or wear out a rotary valve.

To learn more about which dust collector valve is right for you, please contact our experts at 440-543-7400 or click on the button below to get our infographic, Vacu-Valve is a Simpler Solution.

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Topics: rotary valves, trickle valve, vacu-valve, airlocks valve, airlock, maintaining air valves

Aerodyne At Ceramics Expo 2017

Posted by Tom Hobson on May 25, 2017 4:01:04 PM

Now in its third year, Ceramics Expo is the world's largest annual free-to-attend expo for the advanced ceramic and glass community.

The massively expanded event stands as a unique showcase for all the latest start materials, industrial equipment, technical ceramic components, processing expertise, analysis and testing devices, thermal technologies and precision finishing systems that keep this sector at the forefront of manufacturing advances.

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Due to its tightly focused approach and by maintaining a close relationship with all core stakeholders, Ceramics Expo guarantees the participation of respected and innovative suppliers. As the premier US ceramics exhibition, it draws in thousands of genuine decision makers and aims to set the agenda for ceramics manufacturing and applications.

Aerodyne Environmental's industrial dust collection products feature unique, low-maintenance designs that will enhance the performance of your processing operations. Our industrial dust collectors, which work horizontally or verticaly, can extend the life of your baghouse or cartridge filters. And, Aerodyne offers a variety of durable material handling valves for every application, including the Vacu-Valve Trickle Valve System, a cost-effective solution to rotary valves.

Aerodyne Environmental's industrial dust collection products feature unique, - See more at: http://www.dustcollectorhq.com/#sthash.ioeZwJ15.dpuf
Aerodyne Environmental's industrial dust collection products feature unique, - See more at: http://www.dustcollectorhq.com/#sthash.ioeZwJ15.dpuf
Aerodyne Environmental's industrial dust collection products feature unique, low-maintenance designs that will enhance the performance of your processing operations. Our industrial dust collectors, which work horizontally or vertically, can extend the life of your baghouse or cartridge filters. And, Aerodyne offers a variety of durable material handling valves for every application, including the Vacu-Valve Trickle Valve System, a cost-effective solution to rotary valves. - See more at: http://www.dustcollectorhq.com/#sthash.ioeZwJ15.dpuf
erodyne Environmental's industrial dust collection products feature unique, low-maintenance designs that will enhance the performance of your processing operations. Our industrial dust collectors, which work horizontally or vertically, can extend the life of your baghouse or cartridge filters. And, Aerodyne offers a variety of durable material handling valves for every application, including the Vacu-Valve Trickle Valve System, a cost-effective solution to rotary valves. - See more at: http://www.dustcollectorhq.com/#sthash.ioeZwJ15.dpuf
Aerodyne Environmental's industrial dust collection products feature unique, low-maintenance designs that will enhance the performance of your processing operations. Our industrial dust collectors, which work horizontally or vertically, can extend the life of your baghouse or cartridge filters. And, Aerodyne offers a variety of durable material handling valves for every application, including the Vacu-Valve Trickle Valve System, a cost-effective solution to rotary valves. - See more at: http://www.dustcollectorhq.com/#sthash.ioeZwJ15.dpuf
Aerodyne Environmental's industrial dust collection products feature unique, low-maintenance designs that will enhance the performance of your processing operations. Our industrial dust collectors, which work horizontally or vertically, can extend the life of your baghouse or cartridge filters. And, Aerodyne offers a variety of durable material handling valves for every application, including the Vacu-Valve Trickle Valve System, a cost-effective solution to rotary valves. - See more at: http://www.dustcollectorhq.com/#sthash.ioeZwJ15.dpuf
Aerodyne Environmental's industrial dust collection products feature unique, low-maintenance designs that will enhance the performance of your processing operations. Our industrial dust collectors, which work horizontally or vertically, can extend the life of your baghouse or cartridge filters. And, Aerodyne offers a variety of durable material handling valves for every application, including the Vacu-Valve Trickle Valve System, a cost-effective solution to rotary valves. - See more at: http://www.dustcollectorhq.com/#sthash.ioeZwJ15.dpuf

 

 

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Topics: Cyclone Pre-Filter, trickle valve, Ceramics Expo 2017, vacu-valve

Aerodyne Environmental: Home of the Horizontal Cyclone and  Vacu-Valve® Airlock Valve

Inspired To Be Different.

At Aerodyne, we choose to take a different approach to collecting dust and handling materials. Our cyclones are unique in design to address common issues such as problematic dusts and space constraints. Our airlocks are chosen to fit your specific application instead of hastily installing traditional equipment options. We believe that when we see things differently, we can solve problems effectively. That's why so many people turn to us for help in solving their tough dust problems.

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